Eclectic Wicca: A Guide for the Modern Witch (Eclectic Witch, Book on Witchcraft)
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Thus began a shameful chapter of witch persecution and execution through the 16th and 17th centuries (think: the Salem witch trials). In Wicca, denominations are referred to as traditions,  while non-Wiccans are often termed cowans. The Mother Goddess has been associated with life, fertility, and the springtime, and has been described as an ideal role model for women.
Almost all of Murray's peers regarded the witch-cult theory as incorrect and based on poor scholarship. After a ritual has finished, the God, Goddess, and Guardians are thanked, the directions are dismissed and the circle is closed. Pearson's survey also found that half of British Wiccans featured had a university education and that they tended to work in "healing professions" like medicine or counselling, education, computing, and administration.Wiccans often understand the pentacle's five points as representing each of the five elements: earth, air, fire, water, and aether/spirit. In constructing his ritual system, Gardner drew upon older forms of ceremonial magic, in particular, those found in the writings of Aleister Crowley.
The mid-20th century saw a positive revival of the term “witch” through the Wiccan movement in the U. Books and magazines in this vein were targeted largely at young girls and included spells for attracting or repelling boyfriends, money spells, and home protection spells. The oath-based system of many Wiccan traditions makes it difficult for "outsider" scholars to study them.It is also regarded as a symbol of the human, with the five points representing the head, arms, and legs. A lunar witch will keep track of lunar cycles religiously as well as the planet or astrology sign where the moon is currently in. According to the anthropologist Susan Greenwood, in Wicca the Goddess is "a symbol of self-transformation - she is seen to be constantly changing and a force for change for those who open themselves up to her.
As well as pantheism and duotheism, many Wiccans accept the concept of polytheism, thereby believing that there are many different deities.Most witches begin as solitary witches until they find their coven, so don’t expect all solitary witches to remain alone forever. Sanders practiced Gardnerian Wicca before founding his own pagan witchcraft, which explains the similarities between the two schools of magic.